# Python int() Function

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### Python int() Function

Python int() function is used to get the integer value. It returns an expression converted into an integer number. If the argument is a floating point, the conversion truncates the number. If the argument is outside the integer range, It converts the number into long type.

If the number is not a number or if a base is given, the number must be a string.

Signature

• int(x, base=10)

Parameters

x : A number which is to be converted into integer type.

base: It is an Optional argument if used number must be a string.

Return

It returns an integer value.

Let’s see some examples of int() function to understand it’s functionality.

Python int() Function Example 1

It is a simple python example which converts float and string values into an integer type. The float value is truncated by the function and returned an integer instead.

• # Python int() function example
# Calling function
val = int(10) # integer value
val2 = int(10.52) # float value
val3 = int(’10’) # string value
# Displaying result
print(“integer values :”,val, val2, val3)

Output:

• integer values : 10 10 10

Python int() Function Example 2

To verify the type of returned value, we can use type function. The type function returns the type of value. See an example below.

• # Python int() function example
# Declaring variables
val1 = 10 # integer
val2 = 10.52 # float
val3 = ’10’ # string

# Checking values’s type
print(type(val1), type(val2), type(val3))
# Calling int() function
val4 = int(val1)
val5 = int(val2)
val6 = int(val3)
# Displaying result
print(“values after conversion “,val4, val5, val6)
print(“and types are: \n “, type(val4), type(val5), type(val6))

Output:

• <class ‘int’> <class ‘float’> <class ‘str’>
values after conversion 10 10 10
and types are:
<class ‘int’> <class ‘int’> <class ‘int’>

Python int() Function Example 3

• # Python int() function example
# Declaring variables
val1 = 0b010 # binary
val3 = 0o10 # octal

# Calling int() function
val4 = int(val1)
val5 = int(val2)
val6 = int(val3)
# Displaying result
print(“Values after conversion:”,val4, val5, val6)
print(“and types are: \n “, type(val4), type(val5), type(val6))

Output:

• Values after conversion: 2 175 8
and types are:
<class ‘int’> <class ‘int’> <class ‘int’>

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